Source: KFF analysis of National Center for Health Statistics reports
Note: Rates for All and for each racial and ethnic category were statistically significantly higher in 2020 than in 2019 (p <.05). A cesarean delivery is classified as low-risk when a single infant is born head-first at full term to a mother who hasn’t previously given birth. However, it’s important to note that performing low-risk cesarean sections is deemed as inappropriate care.
Source: Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Osterman MJK. Births in the United States, 2020. National Center for Health Statistics, no. 418. CDC.
Source: KFF analysis of CDC Diabetes Atlas Data
Source: CMS Medicare Geographic Variation Public Use File
Notes: CLABSI: Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection. CAUTI: Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection. SSI: Surgical Site Infection. MRSA: Methicillin Resistant Staph Aureus. VAE: Ventilator Associated Events. SIR compares actual infection rates to predicted rates adjusting for factors associated with infection incidence. More information available at CDC.gov.
Source: KFF Analysis of National Healthcare Safety Network Data
Data for Australia and Switzerland are from 2015.
Source: KFF analysis of OECD data
Source: AHRQ NHQDR data
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